What are the health risks of obesity?


Risks of being overwight


Obesity is a medical situation wherein an excessive amount of body fat will increase the risk of developing medical problems. It can be caused by:

-Your genetics

-Your family history

-The amount and types of food you eat

-The amount of physical activity you do

-The amount and quality of sleep you get



People with obesity have a higher chance of developing these health problems:

– High blood pressure (hypertension).

– High blood cholesterol and triglycerides (dyslipidemia, or high blood fats).

– Kidney disease

– Brain and cognitive problems

– Stroke

– Heart attacks due to coronary heart disease, heart failure

– Bone and joint problems, more weight puts pressure on the bones and joints.

– Gallstones and liver problems.

– Some cancers.


You can control many of these risk factors by changing your lifestyle.


Almost two thirds of adults and 1 in 3 children withinside the WHO European Region are residing with obese or obesity, and those rates are nonetheless growing. The new WHO European Regional Obesity Report 2022 warns of the severe health risks related to growing ranges of obesity. Obesity is among the pinnacle determinants of death and incapacity withinside the Region, the situation is a cause of 13 different forms of cancer, and it wishes to be handled and controlled with the aid of using multidisciplinary teams.


Overweight and obesity rank fourth as a risk factor for death, after high blood pressure, nutritional risks, and tobacco. Obesity is a complicated multifactorial disease that presents a risk to health. It is related to many noncommunicable diseases together with cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, and cancer.

The report also highlights that obesity is a condition, not just a risk factor, that needs to be specifically treated and managed.


Having a risk factor for a disease doesn’t mean that you will get the disease. But it does increase the chance that you will. Some risk factors, like age, race, or family history can’t be changed.

The more risk factors you have, the more likely it is that you will develop the disease or health problem.


Obesity vs. overweight

The distinction among obesity and overweight is the wide variety of fat cells present. Doctors measure this using body mass index (BMI). Your BMI is the ratio among your weight and your height. A person overweight is with a BMI among 25 and 29.9. A BMI of 30 or higher indicates obesity.


Lifestyle changes

Considerable way of life adjustments is key to organizing a moderate weight and retaining it. The purpose is to reduce fat mass at the same time as keeping lean mass.

– Getting a great night’s sleep

– Getting active by locating an interest you experience and doing it regularly

– Eating healthy, lower calorie diet

– Restricting caffeine

– Fending off immoderate alcohol consumption

– Quitting smoking in case you do smoke and fending off secondhand smoke

– Managing stress

– Monitoring blood pressure at home

– Getting support from family and friends

Risks of being overwight
Risks of being overwight

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